A bunion is an abnormal bony bump that forms at the joint at the bottom of the big toe. It happens when any of the bones on the big toe get displaced out of position. This causes the big toe tip to become pulled to the lesser toes and causes the joint in the bottom of the big toe to protrude out. This is a very painful condition and can often be painful enough to prevent you from wearing comfortable footwear and visiting the doctor.
Most people get a bunion when they walk too much. They occur more frequently in obese people, those who wear high heels and those who have a weak arch. The normal process when bunion form is for the bones at the bottom of the big toe to push together and form a larger joint. However, if there is another force which pushes the bone out of alignment, then this will cause a bunion to form. It often happens when a person has weak arch support or a large amount of overweight in their foot structure. Bunion surgery is one of the most common surgeries performed nowadays, because it does help to correct many different conditions.
One of the problems with bunions is the fact that they are extremely painful. They make walking difficult, because the pressure is constantly being applied to the joints at the base of the big toe. Many times the pain will only be present in the morning or evening hours, and in severe cases it can be constantly present day and night. These pain problems can cause many problems for people who are trying to go through life as normal, because they make it difficult to even dress comfortably.
There are several different causes of bunions, but one of the biggest causes is when the shoes do not fit properly. When the shoes don’t fit properly, the pressure is applied evenly, causing the bump to grow bigger. So, if you suffer from bunions, the first thing you need to do is have your feet fitted professionally by a podiatrist. Your doctor will take a look at your anatomy and take measurements, so he or she can make an accurate diagnosis of exactly what is causing the bunion to develop.
Most people will experience a bunion over the course of their lifetime, but in some rare cases, they can grow at an accelerated rate. The symptoms of bunions include swelling, redness, and a lot of pain when going about normal activities. If you notice any of these symptoms, the first thing you should do is see a podiatrist. The doctor will take a close look at your anatomy and will diagnose your bunion problem, then prescribe a treatment plan to eliminate the symptoms.
A bunion does not have to be the end of your footwear. In fact, there are many different types of foot orthotics on the market that can help to improve the function of your joints and reduce the risk of bunion deformities. When you fit properly, you can help to increase the strength and stability in your ankles, knees, and hips, and this will reduce the pressure put on the tendons and bones. Many people who suffer from bunions develop no symptoms, so it is always important to see a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.